Search Results for: water

  • KAM KF Biofuels

  • KAM LRW Biofuels

    KF™ portable model

    Easy to use and fully automatic, KAM KF Karl Fischer Moisture Analyzers make the determination of water content in crude oils extremely simple, fast and accurate. Whether you are using it in the lab or the field, the KAM KF is specially designed for oil-industry applications with a rugged exterior, extra storage and convenience all in mind.

    In most cases, KAM moisture analyzers process samples in less than 5 minutes, accurately determining the water content in crude oil samples for all custody transfer operations: production, pipeline, marine, or truck. They can also be used to analyze refined products, transformer oils, jet fuels, chemicals, and most other liquids.

    CLICK HERE for quick instructions on how to measure water in crude oil using our Karl Fischer

    Related Links:

    API MPMS Chapter 10.9 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration

    ASTM D4928 Standard Test Methods for Water in Crude Oils by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration

    EI/IP 386 Crude petroleum - Determination of water - Coulometric Karl Fischer titration method

  • OWD Watercut Meter

    OWD™ insertable model

    With 1% of full scale accuracy regardless of range, the rugged OWD™ Water Cut Meter is the ideal instrument for monitoring water-in-oil concentrations in a variety of applications from production to pipeline. The OWD™ offers continuous, real-time, water cut data.

    Unlike other water-cut meters, the OWD's patented multi-antenna design reads both oil continuous and water continuous modes simultaneously and automatically transitions between the two. Each of the two antennas operates with a microwave frequency ideal for water or oil continuous phase for higher accuracy and repeatability. In essence, it is two instruments operating in parallel with a single microprocessor. The result is measurement over a true 0-100% range with +/-1% accuracy regardless of water content.

    The OWD™ also uses internal references to auto calibrate for drift caused by temperature changes of the electronics, and automatically compensates for changes in fluid temperature.

    The simplicity of design and quality of engineering employed in the OWD™ Water Cut Meter mean there are no moving parts. The output signal can be sent to Flow Computers, SCADA, PLC’s or to a Central Control Room for logging or display on chart recorders or monitors.

    For ranges up to 10% water, the KAM LRW Low Range Watercut meter offers industry-leading accuracy and repeatability with automatic density correction throughout the entire API gravity range.

    CLICK HERE for a whitepaper on Water Content Determination in Crude Oil

  • Haze Detection

    [caption id="attachment_414" align="alignright" width="300"] LRW™ spool model with included static mixer and manual draw off port[/caption] A superior option to traditional BS&W meter technologies, the patented KAM® LRW™ Low Range Watercut meter offers the high accuracy and repeatability of microwave measurement in a package specifically designed for custody transfer and other low-range applications such as LACT units. Unique to the LRW™, AnyDensity™ technology allows the instrument to compensate for any change in density across the entire API gravity range.* Density compensation is paramount in situations where a single truck or rail unloading site could see swings in API gravity from the teens to the 70’s. The patented and proven microwave technology used in the LRW™ provides industry-leading accuracy – as low as ±0.03% up to 3% water content. And, high-quality components made and assembled entirely in the USA provide reliable and consistent performance for long-term use. Plus, the unit can easily be calibrated in line. [caption id="attachment_1740" align="alignright" width="250"] LRW™ fixed insertion 1.25" NPT model[/caption] With insertable and spool/flow through models, the LRW™ also offers installation flexibility that no other unit can match.  Fixed insertion models for line sizes 3" and higher install perpendicular to the line through a 1.25" port. No pool or additional vertical run required. Spools can be custom fabricated for lines from 1-2” or for units replacing other models. Spools can also incorporate static mixing elements to ensure a homogeneous flow and manual draw-off valves key for calibration and verification. For large diameter lines over 8", insertable/retractable units are available that can be installed without having to drain the line. The KAM® LRW™ is a part of a suite of instruments designed for LACT units and other custody transfer applications which also includes the SMP Static Mixing Plate and the E-IAS Isokinetic Automatic Sampler. requires density input CLICK HERE for a white paper on Microwave Resonance Accuracy Related Links: API MPMS Technical Report 2570 Continuous On-line Measurement of Water Content in Petroleum Download LRW Connect Software: Version 0321 - Models up to SN# 0150 Version 0421 - Models SN# 0151 and up
  • Karl Fischer

    [caption id="attachment_228" align="alignright" width="245"] E-IAS™ with 1.25″ NPT mounting[/caption] The all-new KAM E-IAS™ is our first ever electric-drive automatic sampler. Ideal for LACT or other custody transfer applications, the E-IAS™ offers time-based or flow-proportional sampling without pneumatic or hydraulic drive requirements. The E-IAS™ is based off of the same precision probe design as KAM's pneumatic IAS™ Isokinetic Automatic Sampler, which has been in operation for over 30 years. Both are fully compliant with API MPMS 8.2/ASTM D4177 and ISO 3171. The E-IAS™:
    • can take up to 20 samples per minute, with sample bite sizes of 0.5 to 2 cc's
    • can be installed on lines up to 36"
    • model/mounting options include insertable-retractable, 1.25" NPT fixed insertion, flanged fixed insertion, or flow-through spool
    • features a positive displacement design better suited for high-paraffin applications
    The E-IAS™ can be ordered with the KAM CSS™ Complete Sampling System, which also includes a pipeline mixer, a Sampler Controller, a Sample Receiver, a Weight Scale or Meterizer, and a Circulating Sample Mixer. All delivered with the same quality and quick service that has made KAM a sampling industry leader for over 37 years. The KAM E-IAS™ is a part of a suite of instruments designed for LACT units and other custody transfer applications which also includes the SMP™ Static Mixing Plate and the LRW™ Low Range Watercut meter. CLICK HERE to learn more about automatic sampling systems. CLICK HERE to contact us with questions or sales inquiries. Related Links: API MPMS Chapter 8.2 Automatic Sampling Standard ASTM D1447 Automatic Sampling Standard ISO 3171 Automatic Pipeline Sampling Standard
  • LRW Low Range Watercut Meter

    Microwave based probes offer in-tank monitoring of water levels for system optimization and automation

  • Automatic Well Testing

    The build up of water levels in hydrocarbon storage tanks is an unfortunate and expensive inevitability, reducing storage capacity and corroding tank interiors. Manually discharging accumulated water results in the loss of some hydrocarbons through the draw-off line, in addition to significant costs and environmental liabilities.

    The KAM ATD Automated Tank Dewatering system eliminates the loss of hydrocarbons in the water draw-off line while bringing repeatability, safety, and efficiency to the operation. The probe consists of a solid-body, single antenna specifically designed to discourage the build-up of paraffin or heavy oil on the sensor. The ideal configuration within the tank consists of two probes placed near the sump pit and communicating with a PLC to control a motor operated valve (MOV) on the dewatering line.





    As the water empties from the tank, the emulsion layer descends toward the bottom.

    When the top ATD probe detects a predetermined increase in oil percentage, it triggers the closing of the MOV on the draw-off line. Water levels will again rise, and when the probe detects 100% water, it will reopen the MOV to begin dewatering. 

    The system maintains the minimum amount of water in the tank without releasing any hydrocarbons into the draw-off line.


    Should the top probe ever fail to signal the closing of the valve, the bottom probe will trigger an alarm and close the valve the moment it detects any emulsion (oil). In this way, the system maintains backup detection and eliminates the risk of contamination of the draw-off line. 



    CLICK HERE For more on the KAM ATD Automatic Tank Dewatering probe.

    CLICK HERE to contact us.

  • KF Karl Fischer Moisture Analyzer

    In-tank probes monitor water and emulsions levels through the desalter process for system optimization

  • Automatic Tank Dewatering

    [caption id="attachment_727" align="alignright" width="88"] CHA™ insertable model[/caption] The CHA™ Colorimeter/Haze Analyzer is a rugged, insertable in-line probe designed to monitor both the color of refined products and the presence of haze or turbidity for both quality control and pipeline interface detection. Color changes are used to detect off-spec batches, the presence of contamination or impurities like haze in refined fuels. In the past, these small color changes were measured by the human eye against established color standards within the industry. Precision colorimeters like the CHA have since replaced the human eye as the preferred color analyzer. Color values can be used to determine pipeline interface, in particular where fuels contain dyes or other color elements. Haze detection is used both for quality control to compensate for the affect on color by water or other contaminants. Haze values are ideal for monitoring water at refineries, or  in diesel or jet fuel. The direct placement of the CHA in pipelines, and other refinery and terminal applications allows real-time detection of contamination so that operators can take immediate corrective action. Utilizing a unique 5-LED design, the CHA detects color variations within 1% of the selected scale, and unlike most colorimeters, it can detect the entire range of visible color as defined by CIE 1931. In addition to offering unprecedented accuracy, final color measurement can be expressed as haze plus three color (X, Y, Z) or one of several major industry-standard color scales: ASTM D1500, ASTM D1209 (Platinum-Cobalt), or Saybolt. This allows the CHA™ to monitor many different media:
    • ASTM D1500 is used for diesel fuels, lubricating oils, and fuel oils.
    • ASTM D1209 is used for water/wastewater and hydrocarbon solvents.
    • Saybolt is used for “white” products such as jet, kerosene, naptha, NGL, and ULSD (white diesel).
    The CHA is fully automatic and  does not require site calibration. It employs long-lasting LED light sources ensuring long-term, stable performance with limited maintenance and power requirements. The electronics are located within an ATEX-certified enclosure directly on the atmospheric end of the optical probe, creating a complete and compact unit with maximum installation flexibility. Fully functional without additional optic fiber connections or a separate controller, the CHA easily installs where other colorimeters, weighed down by large electronics or computer units, cannot. CLICK HERE for a white paper on Interface Detection in Liquid Pipelines Download CHA Software: Version R17
  • Karl Fischer